Line scatter

function linescatter1()
    trace1 = scatter(;x=1:4, y=[10, 15, 13, 17], mode="markers")
    trace2 = scatter(;x=2:5, y=[16, 5, 11, 9], mode="lines")
    trace3 = scatter(;x=1:4, y=[12, 9, 15, 12], mode="lines+markers")
    plot([trace1, trace2, trace3])
end
linescatter1()
function linescatter2()
    trace1 = scatter(;x=1:5, y=[1, 6, 3, 6, 1],
                      mode="markers", name="Team A",
                      text=["A-1", "A-2", "A-3", "A-4", "A-5"],
                      marker_size=12)

    trace2 = scatter(;x=1:5+0.5, y=[4, 1, 7, 1, 4],
                      mode="markers", name= "Team B",
                      text=["B-a", "B-b", "B-c", "B-d", "B-e"])
    # setting marker.size this way is _equivalent_ to what we did for trace1
    trace2["marker"] = Dict(:size => 12)

    data = [trace1, trace2]
    layout = Layout(;title="Data Labels Hover", xaxis_range=[0.75, 5.25],
                     yaxis_range=[0, 8])
    plot(data, layout)
end
linescatter2()
function linescatter3()
    trace1 = scatter(;x=1:5, y=[1, 6, 3, 6, 1],
                      mode="markers+text", name="Team A",
                      textposition="top center",
                      text=["A-1", "A-2", "A-3", "A-4", "A-5"],
                      marker_size=12, textfont_family="Raleway, sans-serif")

    trace2 = scatter(;x=1:5+0.5, y=[4, 1, 7, 1, 4],
                      mode="markers+text", name= "Team B",
                      textposition="bottom center",
                      text= ["B-a", "B-b", "B-c", "B-d", "B-e"],
                      marker_size=12, textfont_family="Times New Roman")

    data = [trace1, trace2]

    layout = Layout(;title="Data Labels on the Plot", xaxis_range=[0.75, 5.25],
                     yaxis_range=[0, 8], legend_y=0.5, legend_yref="paper",
                     legend=attr(family="Arial, sans-serif", size=20,
                                 color="grey"))
    plot(data, layout)
end
linescatter3()
function linescatter4()
    trace1 = scatter(;y=fill(5, 40), mode="markers", marker_size=40,
                      marker_color=0:39)
    layout = Layout(title="Scatter Plot with a Color Dimension")
    plot(trace1, layout)
end
linescatter4()
function linescatter5()

    country = ["Switzerland (2011)", "Chile (2013)", "Japan (2014)",
               "United States (2012)", "Slovenia (2014)", "Canada (2011)",
               "Poland (2010)", "Estonia (2015)", "Luxembourg (2013)",
               "Portugal (2011)"]

    votingPop = [40, 45.7, 52, 53.6, 54.1, 54.2, 54.5, 54.7, 55.1, 56.6]
    regVoters = [49.1, 42, 52.7, 84.3, 51.7, 61.1, 55.3, 64.2, 91.1, 58.9]

    # notice use of `attr` function to make nested attributes
    trace1 = scatter(;x=votingPop, y=country, mode="markers",
                      name="Percent of estimated voting age population",
                      marker=attr(color="rgba(156, 165, 196, 0.95)",
                                  line_color="rgba(156, 165, 196, 1.0)",
                                  line_width=1, size=16, symbol="circle"))

    trace2 = scatter(;x=regVoters, y=country, mode="markers",
                      name="Percent of estimated registered voters")
    # also could have set the marker props above by using a dict
    trace2["marker"] = Dict(:color => "rgba(204, 204, 204, 0.95)",
                           :line => Dict(:color=> "rgba(217, 217, 217, 1.0)",
                                         :width=> 1),
                           :symbol => "circle",
                           :size => 16)

    data = [trace1, trace2]
    layout = Layout(Dict{Symbol,Any}(:paper_bgcolor => "rgb(254, 247, 234)",
                                     :plot_bgcolor => "rgb(254, 247, 234)");
                    title="Votes cast for ten lowest voting age population in OECD countries",
                    width=600, height=600, hovermode="closest",
                    margin=Dict(:l => 140, :r => 40, :b => 50, :t => 80),
                    xaxis=attr(showgrid=false, showline=true,
                               linecolor="rgb(102, 102, 102)",
                               titlefont_font_color="rgb(204, 204, 204)",
                               tickfont_font_color="rgb(102, 102, 102)",
                               autotick=false, dtick=10, ticks="outside",
                               tickcolor="rgb(102, 102, 102)"),
                    legend=attr(font_size=10, yanchor="middle",
                                xanchor="right"),
                    )
    plot(data, layout)
end
linescatter5()
function linescatter6()
    trace1 = scatter(;x=[52698, 43117], y=[53, 31],
                      mode="markers",
                      name="North America",
                      text=["United States", "Canada"],
                      marker=attr(color="rgb(164, 194, 244)", size=12,
                                  line=attr(color="white", width=0.5))
                      )

    trace2 = scatter(;x=[39317, 37236, 35650, 30066, 29570, 27159, 23557, 21046, 18007],
                      y=[33, 20, 13, 19, 27, 19, 49, 44, 38],
                      mode="markers", name="Europe",
                      marker_size=12, marker_color="rgb(255, 217, 102)",
                      text=["Germany", "Britain", "France", "Spain", "Italy",
                            "Czech Rep.", "Greece", "Poland", "Portugal"])

    trace3 = scatter(;x=[42952, 37037, 33106, 17478, 9813, 5253, 4692, 3899],
                      y=[23, 42, 54, 89, 14, 99, 93, 70],
                      mode="markers",
                      name="Asia/Pacific",
                      marker_size=12, marker_color="rgb(234, 153, 153)",
                      text=["Australia", "Japan", "South Korea", "Malaysia",
                            "China", "Indonesia", "Philippines", "India"])

    trace4 = scatter(;x=[19097, 18601, 15595, 13546, 12026, 7434, 5419],
                      y=[43, 47, 56, 80, 86, 93, 80],
                      mode="markers", name="Latin America",
                      marker_size=12, marker_color="rgb(142, 124, 195)",
                      text=["Chile", "Argentina", "Mexico", "Venezuela",
                            "Venezuela", "El Salvador", "Bolivia"])

    data = [trace1, trace2, trace3, trace4]

    layout = Layout(;title="Quarter 1 Growth",
                     xaxis=attr(title="GDP per Capital", showgrid=false, zeroline=false),
                     yaxis=attr(title="Percent", zeroline=false))

    plot(data, layout)
end
linescatter6()
function batman()
    # reference: https://github.com/alanedelman/18.337_2015/blob/master/Lecture01_0909/The%20Bat%20Curve.ipynb
    σ(x) = (1-x.^2)
    el(x) = 3*σ(x/7)
    s(x) = 4.2 - 0.5*x - 2.0*σ(0.5*x-0.5)
    b(x) = σ(abs(2-x)-1) - x.^2/11 + 0.5x - 3
    c(x) = [1.7, 1.7, 2.6, 0.9]

    p(i, f; kwargs...) = scatter(;x=[-i; 0.0; i], y=[f(i); NaN; f(i)],
                                  marker_color="black", showlegend=false,
                                  kwargs...)
    traces = vcat(p(3:0.1:7, el; name="wings 1"),
                  p(4:0.1:7, t->-el(t); name="wings 2"),
                  p(1:0.1:3, s; name="Shoulders"),
                  p(0:0.1:4, b; name="Bottom"),
                  p([0, 0.5, 0.8, 1], c; name="head"))

    plot(traces, Layout(title="Batman"))
end
batman()
function dumbell()
    # reference: https://plot.ly/r/dumbbell-plots/
    @eval using DataFrames

    # read Data into dataframe
    nm = tempname()
    url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/school_earnings.csv"
    download(url, nm)
    df = readtable(nm)
    rm(nm)

    # sort dataframe by male earnings
    df = sort(df, cols=[:Men], rev=false)

    men = scatter(;y=df[:School], x=df[:Men], mode="markers", name="Men",
                   marker=attr(color="blue", size=12))
    women = scatter(;y=df[:School], x=df[:Women], mode="markers", name="Women",
                     marker=attr(color="pink", size=12))

    lines = map(eachrow(df)) do r
        scatter(y=fill(r[:School], 2), x=[r[:Women], r[:Men]], mode="lines",
                name=r[:School], showlegend=false, line_color="gray")
    end

    data = Base.typed_vcat(GenericTrace, men, women, lines)
    layout = Layout(width=650, height=650, margin_l=100, yaxis_title="School",
                    xaxis_title="Annual Salary (thousands)",
                    title="Gender earnings disparity")

    plot(data, layout)
end
dumbell()
function errorbars1()
    trace1 = scatter(;x=vcat(1:10, 10:-1:1),
                     y=vcat(2:11, 9:-1:0),
                     fill="tozerox",
                     fillcolor="rgba(0, 100, 80, 0.2)",
                     line_color="transparent",
                     name="Fair",
                     showlegend=false)

    trace2 = scatter(;x=vcat(1:10, 10:-1:1),
                     y=[5.5, 3.0, 5.5, 8.0, 6.0, 3.0, 8.0, 5.0, 6.0, 5.5, 4.75,
                        5.0, 4.0, 7.0, 2.0, 4.0, 7.0, 4.4, 2.0, 4.5],
                     fill="tozerox",
                     fillcolor="rgba(0, 176, 246, 0.2)",
                     line_color="transparent",
                     name="Premium",
                     showlegend=false)

    trace3 = scatter(;x=vcat(1:10, 10:-1:1),
                     y=[11.0, 9.0, 7.0, 5.0, 3.0, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, 3.0, 1.0,
                        -1.0, 1.0, 3.0, 1.0, -0.5, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, 7.0, 9.],
                     fill="tozerox",
                     fillcolor="rgba(231, 107, 243, 0.2)",
                     line_color="transparent",
                     name="Fair",
                     showlegend=false)

    trace4 = scatter(;x=1:10, y=1:10,
                     line_color="rgb(00, 100, 80)",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Fair")

    trace5 = scatter(;x=1:10,
                     y=[5.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 5.0, 2.5, 7.5, 4.5, 5.5, 5.],
                     line_color="rgb(0, 176, 246)",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Premium")

    trace6 = scatter(;x=1:10, y=vcat(10:-2:0, [2, 4,2, 0]),
                     line_color="rgb(231, 107, 243)",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Ideal")
    data = [trace1, trace2, trace3, trace4, trace5, trace6]
    layout = Layout(;paper_bgcolor="rgb(255, 255, 255)",
                    plot_bgcolor="rgb(229, 229, 229)",

                    xaxis=attr(gridcolor="rgb(255, 255, 255)",
                               range=[1, 10],
                               showgrid=true,
                               showline=false,
                               showticklabels=true,
                               tickcolor="rgb(127, 127, 127)",
                               ticks="outside",
                               zeroline=false),

                    yaxis=attr(gridcolor="rgb(255, 255, 255)",
                               showgrid=true,
                               showline=false,
                               showticklabels=true,
                               tickcolor="rgb(127, 127, 127)",
                               ticks="outside",
                               zeroline=false))

    plot(data, layout)
end
errorbars1()
function errorbars2()
    function random_dates(d1::DateTime, d2::DateTime, n::Int)
        map(Date, sort!(rand(d1:Dates.Hour(12):d2, n)))
    end

    function _random_number(num, mul)
        value = []
        j = 0
        rand = 0
        while j <= num+1
            rand = rand() * mul
            append!(value, [rand])
            j += 1
        end
        return value
    end

    dates = random_dates(DateTime(2001, 1, 1), DateTime(2005, 12, 31), 50)

    trace1 = scatter(;x=dates,
                     y=20.0 .* rand(50),
                     line_width=0,
                     marker_color="444",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Lower Bound")

    trace2 = scatter(;x=dates,
                     y=21.0 .* rand(50),
                     fill="tonexty",
                     fillcolor="rgba(68, 68, 68, 0.3)",
                     line_color="rgb(31, 119, 180)",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Measurement")

    trace3 = scatter(;x=dates,
                     y=22.0 .* rand(50),
                     fill="tonexty",
                     fillcolor="rgba(68, 68, 68, 0.3)",
                     line_width=0,
                     marker_color="444",
                     mode="lines",
                     name="Upper Bound")

    data = [trace1, trace2, trace3]
    t = "Continuous, variable value error bars<br> Notice the hover text!"
    layout = Layout(;title=t, yaxis_title="Wind speed (m/s)")
    plot(data, layout)
end
errorbars2()