Violin

function violin_box_overlay()
    y = abs.(100 .* randn(300))
    data = [
        violin(x0="sample 1", name="violin", y=y, points="all"),
        box(x0="sample 1", name="box", y=y, boxpoints=false)
    ]
    plot(data, Layout(legend=attr(x=0.95, xanchor="right")))
end
violin_box_overlay()
function violin_grouped()
    days = repeat(["day 1", "day 2"], inner=5)
    y_kale = [0.2, 0.2, 0.6, 1, 0.5, 0.4, 0.2, 0.7, 0.9, 0.1, 0.5, 0.3]
    y_radish = [0.6, 0.7, 0.3, 0.6, 0, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, 0.5, 0.8, 0.7, 0.2]
    y_carrot = [0.1, 0.3, 0.1, 0.9, 0.6, 0.6, 0.9, 1, 0.3, 0.6, 0.8, 0.5]
    colors = ["#3D9970", "#FF4136", "#FF851B"]
    names = ["kale", "radishes", "carrots"]
    ys = (y_kale, y_radish, y_carrot)

    data = [
        violin(
            y=y, name=name, x=days, span=[0, nothing], jitter=0, points="all",
            marker=attr(symbol="line-ew", color=color, line=attr(color=color, width=2))
        ) for (y, name, color) in zip(ys, names, colors)
    ]
    layout = Layout(
        yaxis=attr(zeroline=false, title="normalized moisture"),
        violinmode="group"
    )
    plot(data, layout)
end
violin_grouped()
function violin_nonlinear()
    p1 = plot(
        violin(
            x=["1798-01-01", "1798-04-04", "1798-05-05",
               "1798-05-05", "1798-07-05", "1798-07-22", "1799-01-01"],
            orientation="h", box_visible=true, xcalendar="discworld",
            name="discworld dates"
       )
    )
    p2 = plot(
        violin(
            x=["A", "B", "C", "C", "C", "D", "G"],
            orientation="h", box_visible=true, xcalendar="discworld",
            name="categories"
       ), Layout(xaxis_categoryarray='A':'G')
    )
    p = [p1; p2]
    relayout!(p, showlegend=false, margin_l=100)
    p
end
violin_nonlinear()
function violin_old_faithful()
    y = [79, 54, 74, 62, 85, 55, 88, 85, 51, 85, 54, 84, 78, 47, 83, 52, 62,
    84, 52, 79, 51, 47, 78, 69, 74, 83, 55, 76, 78, 79, 73, 77, 66, 80, 74, 52,
    48, 80, 59, 90, 80, 58, 84, 58, 73, 83, 64, 53, 82, 59, 75, 90, 54, 80, 54,
    83, 71, 64, 77, 81, 59, 84, 48, 82, 60, 92, 78, 78, 65, 73, 82, 56, 79, 71,
    62, 76, 60, 78, 76, 83, 75, 82, 70, 65, 73, 88, 76, 80, 48, 86, 60, 90, 50,
    78, 63, 72, 84, 75, 51, 82, 62, 88, 49, 83, 81, 47, 84, 52, 86, 81, 75, 59,
    89, 79, 59, 81, 50, 85, 59, 87, 53, 69, 77, 56, 88, 81, 45, 82, 55, 90, 45,
    83, 56, 89, 46, 82, 51, 86, 53, 79, 81, 60, 82, 77, 76, 59, 80, 49, 96, 53,
    77, 77, 65, 81, 71, 70, 81, 93, 53, 89, 45, 86, 58, 78, 66, 76, 63, 88, 52,
    93, 49, 57, 77, 68, 81, 81, 73, 50, 85, 74, 55, 77, 83, 83, 51, 78, 84, 46,
    83, 55, 81, 57, 76, 84, 77, 81, 87, 77, 51, 78, 60, 82, 91, 53, 78, 46, 77,
    84, 49, 83, 71, 80, 49, 75, 64, 76, 53, 94, 55, 76, 50, 82, 54, 75, 78, 79,
    78, 78, 70, 79, 70, 54, 86, 50, 90, 54, 54, 77, 79, 64, 75, 47, 86, 63, 85,
    82, 57, 82, 67, 74, 54, 83, 73, 73, 88, 80, 71, 83, 56, 79, 78, 84, 58, 83,
    43, 60, 75, 81, 46, 90, 46, 74]
    plot(violin(y=y, points="all", name="Old Faithful", meanline_visible=true))
end
violin_old_faithful()
function violin_side_by_side()
    # requires RDatasets and DataFrames
    tips = dataset("reshape2", "tips")
    parts = zip(
        ("Female", "Male"),
        ("positive", "negative"),
        ("#bebada", "#8dd3c7"),
        (1.0, -0.6)
    )
    traces = GenericTrace[]
    for (sex, side, color, pointpos) in parts
        sub_tips = tips[tips[:Sex] .== sex, :]
        sub_traces = violin(sub_tips,
            group=:Day,
            x=:TotalBill, y0=(df) -> df[1, :Day],
            side=side, orientation="h",
            marker=attr(line=attr(width=2, color=color), symbol="line-ns"),
            line_color=color,
            hoveron="points+kde", text=(df) -> "Sample length $(size(df, 1))",
            scalemode="count", scalegroup=sex, legendgroup=sex, name=sex,
            points="all", jitter=0, pointpos=pointpos,
            span=[0],
            box_visible=true, meanline_visible=true,
            showlegend=false,
        )
        sub_traces[1][:showlegend] = true
        append!(traces, sub_traces)
    end
    # TODO: make the layout
    layout = Layout(
        hovermode="closest", violinmode="overlay",
        title="Total bill distribution<br><i>scaled by number of bills per gender",
        legend_tracegroupgap=0, violingap=0, violingroupgap=0,
        yaxis=attr(showgrid=true, categoryarray=["Thur", "Fri", "Sat", "Sun"]),
    )
    plot(traces, layout)
end
violin_side_by_side()
function violin_style()
    y1 = vcat(abs.(20 .* rand(100)), rand(UInt16, 300) .* 500 ./ typemax(UInt16))
    y2 = [25.261999999999997, 66.5419, 98.2114, 0.09070629 ]
    box = attr(fillcolor="black", line_color="black", width=0.01)
    span = [0, nothing]
    trace1 = violin(
        bandwidth=5, points=false, y=y1, name="Radial Velocity",
        span=span, line_color="#67353E", box=box
    )
    trace2 = violin(
        bandwidth=5, points=false, y=y2, name="Pulsar Timing",
        span=span, line_color="#34ABA2", box=box
    )

    layout = Layout(
        paper_bgcolor="#d3d3d3", plot_bgcolor="#d3d3d3",
        showlegend=false, violingap=0, xaxis_side="top",
        yaxis=attr(
            showline=false, showticklabels=false, range=(-5, 550),
            zeroline=false, visible=false, showgrid=false,
        ),
        annotations=[attr(
            text="Orbital Period Estimations", font_size=20,
            xref="paper", yref="paper", showarrow=false,
        )]
    )
    plot([trace1, trace2], layout)
end
violin_style()